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Achilles Tendonitis

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a very strong and flexible tendon. It is situated at the back of the ankle joint and connects the calf muscle to the bone in the heel of the foot (Calcaneus). It is the largest tendon in the body enabling explosive movements such as running and jumping.

What is Achilles Tendonitis?

Achilles tendonitis is a pain and swelling in the achilles tendon if it is injured or overused. This often occurs over time. Achilles tendonitis mostly affects people who play sport, particularly runners.

With age the achilles tendon becomes less flexible and less able to cope with the stress that running puts on it. Small tears start to develop and if running is continued the tears do not heal and the tendon becomes weaker. Achilles tenonitis is more likely to occur if an individual starts a new type of activity or sport, or if there is a sudden increase in the intensity of exercise, a change in footwear or have poor running technique such as the foot rolling inwards when running (overpronation).

What treatments are available?

A physiotherapy assessment will consider the above factors as well as providing a full biomechanical assessment. Treatment options depend upon the severity of the condition. Our physiotherapists will offer a combination of treatment modalities and expert advice, including: soft tissue and deep friction massage, acupuncture, electrotherapy, eccentric loading exercises/stretches and an adaptation of training programme to help symptoms settle and avoid recurrence.

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