Tendonitis & Bursitis

What is Tendonitis & Bursitis?

A tendon is the part of the muscle that attaches to the bone. Tendonitis is a term used to describe the pain associated with swelling and irritation of a tendon. Tennis elbow, Golfer?s elbow, Jumper?s knee, Achilles tendonitis and certain shoulder conditions are examples of tendonitis. They can be caused by overuse or can be a natural consequence of ageing and general tendon wear. Physiotherapy is extremely successful in easing the pain and dysfunction caused by the irritation/degeneration of tendons.

Our physiotherapists may use passive treatments (electrotherapy, acupuncture, specific types of massage and cortisone injections), give practical advice regarding alteration of sporting technique and training pattern, advice on equipment and supports and also appropriate exercises.


Bursitis is a term used to describe the pain associated with swelling and irritation of a bursa. A bursa is a sack of fluid that is found around joints and overlying tendons and ligaments. Their role is to reduce the friction and resulting wear and irritation where one area of the body rubs over another. They sometimes become swollen and irritated as a result of overuse or a direct blow to the area. Pain from bursitis can be extremely debilitating and chronic. Iliotibial-band (ITB) Bursitis (pain on the outside of the knee, which is very common in runners), hip bursitis and Sub-acromial bursitis (pinching pain in shoulder when the arm is elevated) are examples of bursitis. Cortisone injections often provide significant and immediate relief of bursitis. Standard physiotherapy techniques (outlined above) are also commonly used to relieve the pain and disability caused by bursitis.

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